Человек. Культура. Образование

Научно-образовательный и методический журнал
ISSN 2223-1277


DoI: 10.34130/2233-1277-2020-1-84-99
УДК: 008
Тимо Йокела, Глен Коуттс и Мария Хухмарниеми, Лапландский университет (Рованиеми, Финляндия)
Timo Jokela, Glen Coutts and Maria Huhmarniemi, University of Lapland (Rovaniami, Finland)

Традиции и инновации в устойчивом искусстве и дизайне Арктики
Tradition and Innovation in Arctic Sustainable Art and Design

Аннотация.

В статье мы рассматриваем дискурс традиций и инноваций в образовании в сфере искусства и дизайна на Севере и в Арктическом регионе. В первом разделе мы представляем концепцию Устойчивого арктического искусства и дизайна (ААD), которая берет свое начало в исследованиях, проводимых тематической сетью «Арктическое устойчивое искусство и дизайн» (ASAD) Университета Арктики. Во втором разделе мы обсуждаем стремительные изменения и так называемые мегатенденции (Совет Министров Северных Стран, 2011), с которыми сталкиваются северные и арктические сообщества, в частности изменения климата, глобализация, урбанизация, безработица и изменения демографической ситуации – все эти проблемы требуют решения. Нас интересует, как AAD помогает решать проблемы в социальной, культурной и экономической обстановке и в условиях постколониальной ситуации в регионе. Арктические и северные условия можно рассматривать как «лабораторию» для развития нового жанра художественного и дизайнерского образования (Йокел и Коуттс, 2018b, Хухмарниеми и Йокела, 2020). В третьем разделе мы исследуем потенциал устойчивых взаимосвязей между северными культурными традициями и инновациями последнего времени для развития культурной жизни в Арктике. Мы рассматриваем пути укрепления жизнеспособности и регионального развития через искусство, дизайн и культуру на основе нашего собственного опыта и исследований членов сети ASAD и на основе Арктического Саммита Искусств в 2019 году (Хухмарниеми и Йокела, 2020). Мы также рассматриваем подходы регионального развития на местах и мероприятия по деколонизации и активизации в обучении AAD (искусству и дизайну устойчивой Арктики).


Ключевые слова: устойчивое искусство и дизайн, Арктика и северные сообщества, культурная традиция, инновации, глобализация, урбанизация, окружающая среда.


Abstract.

In this article we explore the discourse of traditions and innovations in art and design education in the North and the Arctic regions. In the first section we introduce the concept of Arctic Sustainable Arts and Design (AAD) that has been initiated in research conducted in the Arctic Sustainable Arts and Design network within the University of Arctic (ASAD). In the second section, we discuss the rapid changes and so-called ‘megatrends’ (Nordic Council of Ministers, 2011), facing Northern and Arctic communities, particularly climate change, globalisation, urbanisation, unemployment and shifting demographics require solutions. We are interested in how AAD addresses the challenges in the social, cultural and economic settings and post-colonial situation of the area. The Arctic and northern circumstances can be viewed as a ‘laboratory’ for a new genre of art and design education (Jokela & Coutts, 2018b; Huhmarniemi & Jokela, 2020). In the third section, we explore the potential of a sustainable intersection between northern cultural traditions and new innovation to foster cultural life in the Arctic. We discuss ways to strengthen vitality and regional development through art, design and culture based on our experiences and research by members of the ASAD network and the Artic Arts Summit 2019 (Huhmarniemi & Jokela, 2020). We also examine place-based regional development approaches and decolonisation and revitalisation activities in AAD education.


Keywords:

sustainable art and design, Arctic and Northern society, cultural tradition, innovation, globalization, urbanization, environment.


Текст публикации.

Библиографический список:


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