Человек. Культура. Образование

Научно-образовательный и методический журнал
ISSN 2223-1277


DoI: 10.34130/2223-1277-2019-2-144-186
УДК: 001.83
Лоуренс Т. Николс, Университет Западной Виргинии (г. Моргантаун, Соединённые Штаты Америки)
Lawrence Nichols, Ph.D. professor of sociology in the Division of Sociology and Anthropology at West Virginia University (Morgantown, West Virginia,USA)

Отношения между Сорокиным и Мертоном: Межпоколенческая солидарность, соперничество и дружелюбная двойственность
The Sorokin-Merton Relationship: Intergenerational Solidarity, Rivalryand Affectionate Ambivalence

Аннотация.

Эта статья посвящена исследованию длившихся несколько десятков лет отношений между Питиримом Сорокиным и Робертом Мертоном с точки зрения межпоколенческой интеграции, стратификации и мобильности в ученой среде. Предполагается, что следующие друг за другом поколения являются естественным образом как союзниками, так и соперниками и что динамика макроуровня также воздействует на отношения между преподавателями и студентами на микроуровне. На основе архивных материалов Гарвардского и Колумбийского университетов предлагается нарративное объяснение отношений между Сорокиным и Мертоном в разные «фазы» их служебной деятельности в связи с переменами в их статусе. Также анализируется, как эта дружба осложнялась взаимоотношениями каждого из них с Толкоттом Парсонсом, которого можно рассматривать как представителя промежуточного поколения, или полупоколения. Участие Парсонса вело к формированию ситуативной диады,или «коалиций в триадах», что оказывало влияние на индивидуальные карьеры и состояние целостных триад. Таким образом, сложившиеся взаимоотношения оказались уникальными в плане межиндивидуальных нюансов и типичными в плане социально и культурно обусловленной динамики межпоколенческой дружбы, а также межпоколенческого вытеснения и наследования. Даже эмоциональные компоненты, например чувство восторга от поколенческого прогресса и тяжелое переживание поколенческого упадка, являются в некотором смысле предопределенными. К счастью, история закончилась восстановлением и укреплением межпоколенческих связей и с позитивной стороны характеризует Сорокина, Мертона и Парсонса.


Ключевые слова: Питирим Сорокин, Роберт Мертон, Толкотт Парсонс, межпоколенческая солидарность, межпоколенческое соперничество, Гарвардский университет


Abstract.

The paper examines the relationship between Pitirim A. Sorokin andRobert K. Merton over several decades from the perspective of intergenerationalinteraction, stratification and mobility in the sciences. It assumesthat successive generations are both natural allies and natural rivals, andthat these macro-level dynamics also affect the micro-level personal relationshipsof teachers and their students. Drawing upon archival materials atboth Columbia University and Harvard, I present a narrative accountthat locatesthe interactions between Sorokin and Merton in several “phases” basedon mutual shifts in status. I also consider how this relationship was furthercomplicated by the connection of each member with Talcott Parsons, whocan be seen asa representative of an intermediate generation or perhapshalf-generation. Parsons’s involvement led to the formation of situationaldyads, or “coalitions in triads” that had consequences for individual careersand also for the condition of the overall triad. The relationships are thus bothunique in their interpersonal particulars and also typical of socially and culturallystructured patterns of inter-generational bonding and inter-generationaldisplacement and succession. Even the emotional components, suchas the exhilaration of generational advancement and the anxious distressof generational decline, are in a sense pre-ordained. Happily, the story concludeswith a restored and strengthened inter-generational bonding that reflectswell on Sorokin, Merton and Parsons.


Keywords:

Pitirim A. Sorokin, Robert K. Merton, Talcott Parsons,Sociology of Science, Intergenerational Solidarity, Intergenerational Rivalry,Harvard University


Текст публикации.

Библиографический список:


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